This Week at Liberty – June 23, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

I have been thinking a lot lately about why people give—of their time, their resources, their energy.   I have been involved in this non-profit organization for over thirty years, and I have seen many of the ways that people give, and it is heartening.

As for volunteering or donating money, the purest form of giving comes from those who do it to be part of a bigger cause and they give from the heart.  They want to make the world a better place, save a sacred piece of land, keep a species strong and thriving, make a child’s life better, help search for a cure to a devastating disease, provide a home for a homeless family….whatever the cause, the giving is from the heart and has no strings attached.

When I look at the volunteers at Liberty Wildlife I see many reasons for volunteering.  Some people are looking for opportunities to learn more about wildlife, the planet, the connection of things.  Some people want to help an injured animal, to stop the suffering, to participate in keeping the balance of things.  Some people want to excel at spreading the mission into a ground swell that will make a difference on a global level.  Some people want to be a part of a movement.

What these people do is give of their time.  They very often also give of their monetary resources.  And, their giving is pure.  What I have noticed about them is that they stick around for a long time until life situations require them to move on….and my guess is that they find a way to give where ever life sends them.

The giving is pure.

If along the way, you make friends of others who share your passion…well that is all the better.  If you learn a skill that moves you forward in your life’s goals…. better still.  If you earn community hours or a bonus at work, better yet.  If you earn the respect of others…perfect.  If you learn patience, and trust me you will need it…then maybe you have hit a homerun.

But if you are giving of your time for reasons that are other than pure, you will find a reason to quit.  It isn’t for you, and that is okay.  I guess my plea would be that you are honest about that.  Volunteering, donating funds, giving professional expertise all need to be done because to you it seems like the right thing to do….no expectations, no demands, no pretenses….purely because you want to do something to make things better.

There is a niche in which everyone can feel good about giving.  Explore ways that are right for you. If your experience isn’t something that you enjoy…and if it doesn’t meet your needs to feel good for the right reasons then you definitely need to be true to your heart.   If the giving is pure, you will know it.  If it isn’t, then find the place where it can be and make the difference that you most certainly can.

This Week at Liberty

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The intake total for the year is now at 3001!

And thanks to a suggestion from (and data supplied by) Sharon Sneva, we’re going to add a new feature: “Releases of the Week.” If you see Sharon out at the facility, thank her for the effort to bring this valuable information to the TW@L update!

Sharon at work

Sharon at work

Sharon writes: “In the past week we have successfully released from the aviaries: 47 doves, 15 insect eaters (curve bill thrashers, woodpeckers, cactus wrens), 15  finches of various types, 13 bunnies, 2 round tail ground squirrels, 2 rock squirrels and 34 quail! We also released 4 black crowned night herons that were ready and the remaining 4 should be ready to go soon. Thanks to all of you who volunteered to take a box or two of birds and please let your coordinator know if you’d like to release! Please! Thursdays are aviary release days and we’ll be glad to hold a box of birds for pick up if you’d like.” We’ll try to add this each week to the update!

The heat keeps going up and the orphans keep coming in, all destined to get the best chance at survival we (and their foster parents) can give them. There was some more eagle activity last week as one juvenile bald that had been through the rehab process had some problems with human interaction and came back in, and another kid was found by the Verde Canyon Rail Road people and made it to Liberty via Tony Sola.  The raccoon family is still doing well and we did some maintenance on a couple of Education birds. The mission now is to survive the heat until the monsoon storms bring some afternoon relief.

We're doing lots of barn owls - as usual! (photo by James Frazier)

We’re doing lots of barn owls – as usual! (photo by James Frazier)

I’m not sure why, but people don’t seem to think we get in many barn owls at Liberty. While they might not outnumber the GHO’s arriving each year, the barn owl population definitely skyrockets each spring – along with the amount of tree-trimming in the valley! We have a great set of foster parents, a great Owl Team of feeders, and the little owls get in, get healthy, and get out into the world in a steady stream that should strike terror into the hearts of mice everywhere!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

"Before eating, always wash your hands - and your dinner!"

“Before eating, always wash your hands – and your dinner!” (photo by Nina Grimaldi)

The momma raccoon is teaching her cubs the proper way to clean their food – and themselves – as they grow bigger and stronger every day. They really seem to like the addition of crawfish and trout to their diet. It won’t be long and they will be allowed to join the nocturnal world of mammals at a river nearby.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The tiniest of gaping beaks

The tiniest of gaping beaks

A little bigger, but still a tiny target...

A little bigger, but still a tiny target…

Not tiny, but plenty sharp!

Not tiny, but plenty sharp!

A mother bird could spot this one from Alpha Centauri!

A mother bird could spot this one from Alpha Centauri!

As the orphans grow up, I thought I’d show some pictures of the difference in the mouths the OC folks have to deal with as they feed and care for the baby birds. From the tiniest of newly hatched hummingbirds, up to the gargantuan (a word one seldom gets to use in a sentence) maw of a fledgling raven and everything in between, the volunteers are trained to use the proper tools and techniques appropriate for each species they treating at the time. Some birds get fed with a tube – a skill that is both daunting and dangerous for the untrained – while some get fed with a tool like the cap of a pen, and the person doing the feeding needs to know when to use which. The image of a child (or an adult!) feeding a baby bird with an eyedropper is not only outdated, it can lead to aspiration of the food and death for the baby. Rehabilitation is a skill best left to trained individuals!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

300lbs of lockable force - another reason the Eagle Handler Team is so small...

300lbs of lockable force – another reason the Eagle Handler Team is so small…

Dr. Sorum takes some X-rays of Aurora's foot

Dr. Sorum takes an X-ray of Aurora’s feet

Impressive architecture!

Impressive architecture!

Trimming the talons of a large bald eagle

Trimming the talons of a large bald eagle

The golden gets ax X-ray as well

The golden gets ax X-ray as well

Looking good - no damage from the bumble foot!

Looking good – no damage from the bumble foot!

Last week, Aurora seemed to have dislocated a toe on one of her feet. When Dr. Sorum came out to X-ray the foot, the toe had popped back into position and appeared to be perfectly normal, but since he was already there with the high-tech device, a shot was taken anyway. As suspected, the foot and toe appeared normal. After Jan trimmed her talons with the special tool, she went back into her enclosure while one of our rehabbing golden eagles was brought out. This bird had suffered from bumble foot, a condition not uncommon in heavier raptors, and to make sure the infection had not caused damage to the bones of the foot, it was also X-rayed. This radiograph showed undamaged foot bones as well. Since eagles use their feet as their primary weapons, healthy appendages are critical for their survival.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

One week left to order a Commemorative Burrowing Owl (Frodo) T-shirt.

Frodo Brown

Go to the store (libertywildlife.net) or on the website, click on the store button to order.

Allow 3-4 weeks for delivery. REMEMBER FRODO!

Posted in Uncategorized | 3 Comments

This Week at Liberty – June 16, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

It seems like this past week was peppered with eagles.  That got me thinking about how fortunate we are to have had all of these years of experience with these charismatic animals.

Golden eagle no. 13-3685 was released yesterday.  A hearty troupe of Liberty Wildlife folks made the trek to Aubrey Valley to set this eagle free.  Aubrey Valley is a destination for unattached golden eagles….those who haven’t earned their own territory or taken a mate.  No. 13-3685 came to us last year from Marble Canyon.  She was brought to us by the folks at the Peregrine Fund.  She was found on the ground and had been seen being stalked by coyotes.  On her arrival she presented evidence of coyote attack, puncture wounds, and damaged primary feathers from being grabbed more than likely by the coyote.  The damage to the feathers was so severe that imping (a technique that physically puts new feathers in the shafts allowing the bird to be released and to naturally molt in new feathers) in this case was not viable.  Also, the tail feathers were badly broomed from contact with the ground.  And if that weren’t enough blood results showed the presence of lead. She was in pretty sad shape.

Over time, with chelating to remove lead from her system and given time to fatten up and grow new feathers, eagle no. 13-3685 was ready for release.  A success by anyone’s terms.

On the bald eagle side of the chart, the nest watch folks for AZ Game and Fish called in that the Greer nest had absolutely fallen apart in the winds and both babies were dumped.  They are about a week from fledging….timing is everything.  One of the two babies remained in the tree but one had plummeted to the ground.  It was decided that the best thing to do was for the Game Warden in the area to try to snag the baby on the ground….the nest watchers were there to assist…and keep it safe in a carrier over night until biologists could climb the tree and attempt to put it back in the crook of the tree.  If they both can stay there for a week and fledge naturally it will be best for all.  With feeding instructions for the one on the ground relayed by Liberty Wildlife, we will assume that the little guy made it safely through the night and was successfully put back in the tree to be fed by the parents for at least a week until fledging.

Then if that weren’t enough we were called to pick up a young eagle that had been seen at Page Springs hanging around bumming food from a restaurant.  It was an eagle that had been out of the nest earlier and not doing well for unknown reasons.  On the first trip in to us we were unable to find anything obviously wrong with it…no breaks…no infection….just not doing well.  We fattened him up, hydrated and stabilized him and the eagle biologists sent him back to the nest area. The second time now at Page Springs it was decided to recaptured him and return him to Liberty Wildlife for further evaluation.  X rays were done on Sunday and blood work is pending.  Hopefully these tests will give us a better idea of what might be going on.  We can’t help but ask the question, “Is any of this related to the recent fires in the area?”

At Liberty we have cared for eagles of Arizona for the past 33 years.  Because of our experience and success there are 88 eagles in the Arizona skies and untold numbers of their offspring doing their eagle thing and playing their critical part in the natural world….and wowing all of us.

Our education eagles have allowed hundreds of thousands of people from literally all over the world to have a pretty awesome and personal experience with what is hard to deny for me and many others as a kindred spirit.   And, to add to their importance, these magnificent birds have also made temporary job changes when necessary providing mentorship for baby eagles in our care and to be blood donors to eagles that are in need.  They may not be able to surf the skies anymore, but they continue to be “good citizen representatives from their species to ours.”

At this writing I have been informed that we were called about another golden eagle at Lake Powell who may end up needing our attention.  Yes, peppered with eagles!

We are proud to have had so many opportunities to positively interact with our country’s regal eagles.

This Week at Liberty

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

There intake total is currently up to 2807.

It might be an effect of global climate change, but we’re taking in orphans from species that normally would have concluded the normal breeding cycle by now. The temps have been up but so far, we haven’t seen any records or much above the 108F mark. The Med services people updated the WNV vaccinations last week, and the raccoon family is doing well. This year, canker seems to be the toughest problem as not many birds are surviving even with careful treatment. The foster parents are all doing well as are their adopted “kids” and the golden eagle that was in the 60ft flight has now been released. The thought for the day is “PRESS ON” into monsoon season…

Getting ready for West Nile Virus vaccine

Getting ready for West Nile Virus vaccinations

Each year, we use donated West Nile Virus vaccine to inoculate all of our resident birds. Last Thursday, Jan and Alex and their team arrived early and began the long job of getting all of our Education birds out and held for their shots. It’s a long arduous process but so far, we’ve been lucky in keeping this terrible plague out of their population.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Jan finds evidence of canker

Jan finds evidence of canker

Baby accipiter ready for treatment

Second baby accipiter ready for treatment

And as long as we’re talking about lousy diseases, avian canker – or trichomoniasis, is rearing it’s ugly head within the rehab sector. Since cooper’s and sharp-shinned hawks eat mostly other birds, these accipiters are especially vulnerable to canker. Their prey – doves, pigeons, etc., are prone to passing the micro-organisms through drinking water and when they are in turn eaten by these avian specialists, the hunters and their young all acquire the disease. Medication is needed as soon as possible as early treatment is a factor in recovery.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The OC volunteers are busy during all shifts

The OC volunteers are busy during all shifts

Hummingbird nests are still coming in

Hummingbird nests are still coming in

Cottontails continue to arrive

Cottontails continue to arrive

Duckling hatched minutes before from an egg recovered 2 weeks ago

Duckling hatched minutes before from an egg recovered 2 weeks ago

Click here for a video of this duckling.

The baby barn owl continues to improve

The baby barn owl continues to improve

Baby screech playing dead

A baby screech playing dead…

while other screeches hide in their "condo"

while other screeches hide in their “condo”

The orphans of all species continue to show up and all are cared for either in the OC area by the dedicate Orphan Care volunteers, or the Medical service people prior to being assigned a foster family to live with at the appropriate age. Fortunately we have pairs of non-releasable birds of most common species so all orphans can be raised by their own kind and will imprint properly. Cross-fostering – placing the young of one specie into a foster situation with a different specie – has been studied (Bird, Burnham 1985) and is not supported by science.

LOTS of kestrel fosters

LOTS of kestrel fosters – each blue tag is an orphan bird

Kestrels get attention in the ICU

Kestrels get attention in the ICU

Another bird that has a problem with canker is the American kestrel. Since they also will eat other birds that may be infected, all intakes are checked for the disease and are routinely treated in a prophylactic effort. As noted in recent updates, we have taken in several large families of these fledgling falcons that, because of the sizes of their clutches, are susceptible to acquiring canker from food brought to the nest by parents.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Mom gives one cub a bath

Mom gives one cub a bath

The kids playing in the tree

The kids playing in the tree

The raccoon family is growing rapidly and hopefully they will all get released in the not-too-distant future. Raccoon moms are selfless and dedicated and the little ones need to be able to keep up with her after she is released into a new, unfamiliar environment. The suitability for release is largely a function of the cubs’ size and dental development.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Golden eagle gets some flight practice

Golden eagle gets some flight practice

No more walls or ceilings

No more walls or ceilings (photo by Jan Miller)

See HHH above for the full story on this golden eagle.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Hey all you Liberty Wildlife T-Shirt aficionados!

We are going to make a special run of commemorative “Frodo” shirts.  In order to keep costs and inventory down, we need definite orders prior to having the silk screening done. If you want one of these shirts Frodo Brown go to the Liberty Wildlife on-line store and place you order. Once all orders are in (we’ll give it about 2 weeks), we’ll have the shirts printed up and shipped to you – or you can pick them up at the facility. ACT NOW!!!

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

This Week at Liberty – June 09, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

Progress report:  This past Wednesday the construction started on the completion of Elwood from 28th Street to 24th Street.  Why is road construction the subject of my blog?   Work beginsThis event is a big step leading to the building of our new facility, Liberty Wildlife on the Rio Salado.  The road will be the catalyst to bringing the infrastructure to our 6.5 acres of land.  We will have water and power and the ability to start preparing the land for contouring, landscaping, internal infrastructure, and all of the step by step events that will lead to our relocation.

Another thing that has been on my mind is a big “you rock” to our rehab group…orphan care, medical services, and daily care.  That also includes our Hotline and Rescue group who are the first step to helping you and the wildlife you are invested in.  What a lot of people don’t realize is that this group of dedicated folks can’t rest on their laurels by mastering the care of one kind of wildlife.  They can’t say, “Oh that is a great horned owl, burrowing owl, barn owl, I know what to do with it.”

No, they have to be prepared to deal with everything from rabbits, raccoons, or foxes to hummingbirds, flickers, herons, cliff swallows, night hawks, or falcons, condors and eagles.  To be exact…this group of incredible volunteers and staff deal with between 125-140 species in a given year.  What is the natural history of that poorwill?  What does the swift eat?  What does lead poisoning look like in an eagle or a condor?  When is the right time to release a raccoon family?  Where is the best place to take a family of red shafted flickers?  Can this fracture next to a joint be fixed, and if so what is the newest way to do it?

There is a huge amount of knowledge that must be maintained. There is a huge amount of experience that makes this group such a success.  It has come from 33 years of hard work and continuing curiosity.

And, this rehabilitation business isn’t constant.   Medications change, bandaging materials change and improve.  Methods and techniques become better and better and when shared in continuing education classes spread the word and make us continually better and better at what we do.

Circling back to the start of our road….it is actually a symbol of our ability to continue to grow in physical ways which allows us to continue to grow in all other rehabilitation and education ways. We see ourselves getting better and better at everything that we do and that is truly an exciting thought.

If you are interested in how you can help make all of this happen, just let me know.  There is indeed something that everyone can do to put your fingerprint on this exciting project.  Join in!

This Week at Liberty

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The intake total for the year now stands at 2590.

It remains as busy as possible at the facility and the pace shows no signs of letting up. Amid all the usual intakes and orphans that continually show up, several birds made a trip to the eye clinic last week for examination by Dr. Urbanz and her staff. The assessments confirmed either the injury and/or the prognosis in the patients examined. The new log-in procedures and forms designed by John seem to be working well as we continue to move into the digital age, and as Megan recounted above, the road to the new facility is moving along – literally! To prevent a sameness creeping into the TW@L posting, I’ve included some general shots from the operation and I want to thank all the volunteers who submitted photos for use in the blog.  Thanks to all, and keep them coming! Now for the week at hand…

Sharon and Joanie help Jan with a turkey vulture

Sharon and Joanie help Jan with a turkey vulture

X-rays show evidence of a gunshot wound

X-rays show evidence of a gunshot wound

We don’t actually get a lot of turkey vultures at Liberty, but the one that recently arrived was X-rayed by Dr. Sorum and two lead pellets showed up really well indicating this bird was shot. I guess people who call these birds “buzzards” think that they are fair game for target practice, but such is NOT the case. As migratory birds, they are protected and cannot be shot, killed, or captured within the law. Hopefully this bird will recover and be returned to his job as airborne trash collector as soon as possible. They provide a great service to the human as well as the animal community of Arizona.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Dr. Urbanz checking the baby barn owl for eye trauma

Dr. Urbanz checking the baby barn owl for eye trauma

High-tech instruments are used

High-tech instruments are used

A damaged eye is examined carefully

A damaged eye is examined carefully

Dr. Urbanz examines the damage

Andrea holds as Dr. Urbanz determines the extent of the injury

Believe it or not, the owl can actually see, though not well, with that eye

Believe it or not, the owl can actually see, though not well, with that eye

A trip up to the animal eye clinic last week had Dr. Jennifer Urbanz examining several of our patients for suspected eye problems. The results were mixed as one was better than anticipated, one was worse, and one was inconclusive. The little burrowing owl presented evidence of a puncture wound which involved the eyelid and the iris, but it was determined that the bird could actually see with the inured eye. Healing will still require time. The kestrel she checked was unfortunately deemed irreparably blind, while the baby barn owl showed no eye damage. If he recovers from whatever neurological injury he may have, release might still be possible eventually.

Chula catches an unlucky snake

An unlucky snake comes visiting

"You should see the other guy..."

“You should see (or taste) the other guy…”

One of our rehabbed red tails caught an unwary coach-whip snake in her enclosure recently and while downing the unlucky reptile, received a scratch on her eye. Luckily it was only a surface injury and with care and medicine, should heal properly in time. The same cannot be said for the snake…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Liberty plays matchmaker

Liberty plays matchmaker

As we’re trying to acquire a “deeper bench” in the foster care area, a male and a female non-releasable kestrel were introduced to each other in hopes of forming a pair that will act as foster parents for future orphans. Since “Match.com” was not consulted, it remains to be seen if these two will hit it off…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Screech owl duplex

Screech owl duplex

Tim Coppage recently constructed this “screech owl duplex” for our growing assemblage of screeches in rehab. It appears the birds like the new digs as they are hanging out in it most of the time during the heat of the day.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Mom and cub racoon

Mom and cub racoon

The raccoon family is doing fine as mom is healthy and the kids are growing up fast. They seem to like the habitat that was provided by Nina when her cats abandoned the structure, making it tougher to get any good photos without luck and timing coming together in the mammal area…

I thought waterbeds went out

I thought waterbeds went out

The squirrels in rehab are also doing well, improvising as they try to adapt to the Arizona environment in 100+degree weather in June. This little guy seems to have found a comfy spot on top of the water jug.

Home alone bunny by Loenz

“Home Alone” bunny photo by Lorenza

And finally, Lorenza recently submitted this picture of the Macaulay Culkin look-alike winner at Liberty Wildlife 2014! As I always say, timing is everything in photography!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Panorama of the Liberty Wildlife on the Rio Salado site

Panorama of the Liberty Wildlife on the Rio Salado site

I took this panorama last Sunday looking east over the site of Liberty Wildlife on the Rio Salado. The path along the river is a nice touch, and as soon as the road in front is finished, we hope to begin work on the facility itself (see Megan’s HHH above).

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

This Week at Liberty – June 02, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

Last week I wrote about the fires in Oak Creek Canyon.  Those fires have now been pretty much contained and the evacuated folks are being allowed to return home.  In that process APS workers were sent in to assess the damage.  Compromised poles and electrical equipment takes a beating in a fire, just like everything else and needs to be replaced, repaired, returned to its tip top working condition.

Remember when I mentioned that most of the wildlife flees the fires and is just displaced instead of being collateral damage?  And remember when I mentioned how sad it was for the babies unable to flee who faced sure death when they couldn’t escape the damage from smoke and flames?  And remember when I said only little ones that were really, really lucky would survive?

Guess what.  I was right.  APS workers were in the process of replacing a damaged pole when they discovered a nest of red-shafted flickers…five in all, two boys and three girls.  They were in a cavity in a pole deftly excavated by the parents, a fitting home to raise a brood….except for the fire.  The parents had indeed been forced to leave and there was no way the babies could be coaxed to safety by the parents…..surely a failed nesting attempt for them.

"I still smell like smoke!"

“I still smell like smoke!”

But no, they were lucky…really, really lucky.  The workers discovered the babies and heroically nabbed them and couriered them to Liberty Wildlife.  We were cautious in predicting the outcome with these little guys….just barely starting to feather and parentless for an unknown amount of time, we had no idea if or how compromised their respiratory system would be from breathing the smoke and ash.

As it turns out they are great.  The nest cavity protected them from hideous heat, smothering fire and spreading ash.  They are growing and thriving and will eventually be released as close to their home site as is appropriate for their survival…when the time is right.

These were lucky little ones….very, very lucky.  Thanks to the heroes at APS for their quick and selfless actions and for getting them to us in such a timely manner.  They saved their lives…YAY!

This Week at Liberty

The intake total is now at 2324.

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The number of orphans continues to rise. We made the TV news last week with the “crawl” announcing the large influx was due to high winds and wildfire, but the winds have subsided, at least temporarily, and the fire only brought us five new patients – that we know of. Tree-trimming continues to be one of the primary generators of orphan influx and this week is no exception. Some species keep reproducing almost all year leading to a couple of surprising arrivals, and the raccoon family is doing well in the mammal area. Check out the new photo/slide on the website home page and leave a comment for our review if you have time. Now, let’s look at last week…

The baby bald eagle continues to heal

The baby bald eagle continues to heal

The baby bald eagle is recovering well after his surgery. The pin was removed last week and his wing is healing, although it will forever be shorter than the uninjured side and this will most likely preclude his release down the road. However, we’ll continue to give him the daily care he needs in the hope that he will adapt to his new ‘arrangement’ and grow strong enough to survive in the wild. “Hope is a good thing – maybe the best thing!”

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Flammulated owl is our guest

Flammulated owl is our guest

We are currently hosting a little flammulated owl that arrived recently. These pretty little birds are the second smallest – and the most migratory – owl in North America. Unable to fly, Jan suspects he may have a fractured corracoid and this will be investigated via X-rays this week. Since he has missed the mass movement of flammulateds up from their wintering grounds of Central America, when he heals and is again able to fly, he’ll have to wait with us for the rest of his flock to return on it’s return journey.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A baby black crowned night heron joins the patient count

A baby black crowned night heron joins the patient count

All baby mockingbirds look angry

All baby mockingbirds look like they’re angry at something…

Two of the many young birds that became patients last week include this black crowned night heron and this little mockingbird. Juvenile BCNHs always seem to look cute, as gangly and uncoordinated as they are, while young mocker always seem to look like they’re mad at the world. Both of these birds are doing well and are on the road to release when they mature.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Baby barnie gets weighed

Baby barnie gets weighed…

...then joins four previous orphans with Abba and Tyto

…then joins four previous orphans with Abba and Tyto

It seems like each week we see new arrivals of orphan barn owls. Our foster parents, Abba and Tyto, do prodigious duty raising the little birds as they grown from strange looking handfuls of downy fluff to beautiful adult barn owls over a few months. Barnies can have large clutches of up to six babies which can be weeks apart in age. This helps as we can’t control how large the arriving orphans are when they are introduced to the foster parents.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Jan checks for possible gunshot wounds

Jan checks for possible gunshot wounds

Little Buow has head and wing injuries

Little Buow has head and wing injuries

A burrowing owl came in last week presenting injuries possibly consistent with gunshot wounds. His wing and head were damaged, including a serious injury to his left eye. After he was stabilized, he was allowed to rest pending further examination and possible X-rays to determine the extent of the damage.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

One of several kestrel orphans to arrive last week

One of several kestrel orphans to arrive last week

Three of the latest five were unharmed by the fall

Three of the latest five were unharmed by the fall

Two of them had broken legs

Two of them had broken legs

"False eyes"

“False eyes”

We took in the second of two families of five baby kestrels that had been displaced by tree trimming activity. In this case, two of the five babies sustained broken legs in their fall from the severed branches but were otherwise intact. The ones that were uninjured are placed with foster parents while the ones with broken bones are in the ICU until they heal sufficiently. One of the little falcons displayed prominent ‘false eyes’ or “ocelli” which are dark spots on the back of their heads. It is thought that these may deter or at least deflect attacks from airborne predators when the kestrels are vulnerable.

Channel 10 crew at Liberty

Channel 10 crew at Liberty

The kestrels were some of the birds featured on a live news spot on Channel 10 last week. Click here for the spot

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Five orphans of the 'Slide Fire'

Five orphans of the ‘Slide Fire’

Many folks were concerned about the wildlife during the Slide Fire  (see Megan’s HHH last week and again this week). On Thursday, an APS crew working to replace burned power poles in the fire zone noticed five pre-fledgling red shafted flickers in a nest in one of the charred poles they had cut down. A senior VP who was working with the crew placed the birds in a knapsack and transported them to Liberty Wildlife where they are currently in the Orphan Care area being treated by volunteers. Outside of smelling like smoke, they are mostly healthy and will stay with us until they are old enough to be released into an appropriate area.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Mama raccoon feed the kids

Mama raccoon feed the kids (photo by Nina Grimaldi)

And just to keep you up-to-date on the progress of our resident raccoon family, mother and cubs are all doing fine. We’re all looking forward to a release of the entire brood in the not too distant future.

Posted in Uncategorized | 3 Comments

This Week at Liberty – May 26, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

The fires in Oak Creek Canyon have become headlines around the country.  What a beautiful spot!  What a potential loss of valuable and beloved property! What about the wildlife? What a shame!

KNXV Slide Fire 5-20-14 10_1400633505610_4990992_ver1.0_900_675

Photo by ABC15

It is horrifying to see the footage of an area many of us know so well.  Favorite spots that I have lived in, hiked in, birded in, picnicked in are vanishing before my eyes…and I keep thinking about the wildlife.

The good thing that I know is that most of them aren’t actually harmed by the fire.  If they can run, they do.  If they can fly, they do.  If they can burrow or hide, they do.  Most of them make it out.  There are two major problems though.  At this time of year, nesting season, there are babies and fledglings not ready or able to leave the nest or den who just won’t make it unless they are very, very lucky.  And all of the displaced critters who flee ahead of the fires will probably find it difficult to carve out a territory in which to live until the forests come back.  Habitat loss, in general is the gremlin for them….making survival difficult even if it is just for a while.

However, studies in wildlife and forest management reveal surprising things.  In burned out forests amazing things happen.  For example, there are species of beetles whose feelers hone in on smoke which triggers them to fly to burned areas in order to lay their eggs in the bark.  That triggers the return of avian species like woodpeckers who fly into the area to feed on the larvae.  Deer tend to like to forage on the fresh grasses that spring up when seeds that have lain dormant awaiting the fires to allow for their germination.  The predators return to feed on the deer and other small grazers. A great percentage of species depend on snags and some kind of wood debris during part of their life cycles.  Rebirth occurs.

So, I get it that forest burn is cyclical and that burns are good for the forests in general.  I did grow up with Smokey the Bear and now realize the danger in taking that message to heart.  But I can’t stop thinking about those babies that are being “culled” in the meantime.  So, what I want you to know is that at Liberty Wildlife we do care ultimately about those potential fatalities.  If there is anything we can do to ease their pain, we want to help.

Please, if you have the need for assistance, call our hotline.  We have an outstanding group of Hotline people who are waiting to help man the calls.  We have Rescue and Transport people to assist when possible.  We have Veterinarians, Medical Services staff, Orphan Care staff, Daily Care staff all ready and willing to lend a hand.

Call on us.  We will answer your call. 480-998-5550

This Week at Liberty

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The intake total for the year now stands at 2108.

As the fire crews begin to get a handle on the Slide Fire in Oak Creek Canyon, a Liberty volunteer enlists the aid of a local fire department in a rescue at a Tempe cemetery. The torrent of incoming orphans continues apace and the drought brings on a new danger: an increase in canker due to diminished water sources. The education season grinds to a halt as the temperature rises (but the shows continue!) and we give one more tour to the architectural firm working on our new facility. Let’s jump in and take a look…

The architects visit one more time

Jan talks about enclosure construction as the architects visit one more time

We’re getting closer to breaking ground on the new “Liberty Wildlife on the River facility. Architects from Weddle and Gilmore came out with project manager Dick Fry to take one last look at the existing structure to finalize plans for the new enclosures. Every effort if being made to keep the structure sound, keep the construction environmentally and esthetically pleasing, and keep the costs down. The good news is, we’re getting closer to  moving every day!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A Townsend's warbler comes in

A Townsend’s warbler comes in

Baby killdeer (photo by Sara)

Baby killdeer (photo by Sara)

OK, so not only are we getting in a lot(!) of baby birds – like this little killdeer – but a lot of migrants as they move from breeding areas to feeding grounds and back – like the Townsend’s warbler above. The fascinating thing about precocial babies like the killdeer is that they look almost exactly like adults – only smaller!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A bad case of canker

Jan and Joanie try to treat a bad case of canker in a harris’ hawk

One of the few natural problems that birds present on arrival in the ICU is canker, or trichomoniasis. This is a single-celled protozoal parasite that is frequently found in the mouth, esophagus, crop, proventriculus, upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract of affected birds. It’s most common in pigeons and doves which in turn causes problems in raptors that eat those birds. It is often passes from one bird to another through contaminated drinking water such as pools of rainwater and, sadly, bird feeders that have not been cleaned properly. This harris’ hawk had an extremely advanced case of canker as the growth had attacked his entire mouth area and had eaten holes through the tissue surrounding the beak. Unfortunately, the damage was too severe and the bird died the next morning.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

"I gotta get outta here!"

“I gotta get outta here!”

Mexican free tailed bat has an impressive set of teeth!

Mexican free tailed bat has an impressive set of teeth!

We don’t get a lot of bats at Liberty, but when they do run into problems, our volunteers are ready to help. This Mexican free-tailed bat arrived last week with some wing damage and is now in our care. Gloves are a must as bats are on top of the rabies vector species list in Arizona. It’s imperative that if you find a bat experiencing difficulties, do not touch it! The protocol specified by health agencies are specific and if the animal has had contact with humans, it must be euthanized for examination for rabies. Call Liberty Wildlife for assistance!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

"What Am I Doing Here" (photo by John Glitsos)

“What am I doing here?” (photo by John Glitsos)

Help Arrives

Help arrives (photo by John Glitsos)

Raising The Ladder (photo by John Glitdsos)

Raising the ladder (photo by John Glitsos)

John At The Top ("What am I doing here?!?")

John at the top (“What am I doing here?!?”)

Volunteer John Glitsos was called out for a rescue last week.  There was a pre-fledgling red tail hawk on the ground under a very tall tree at a cemetery in Tempe. The nest was visible as was the mom so John decided to do the best thing – get the baby back with the family. After a call to the local fire department, Joel Zieglar with the Tempe Fire Dept – C Shift, came out with their ladder truck and offered to help. John took the baby up as far as he could and got him very close to the nest. After thanking the FD for their help, John decided to go the extra mile and returned to check on the bird later on. As John puts it:  I checked on the RTH last night and he looked fine.  Mom was with him… but I decided that he should be checked daily since I did not get him all the way back to his nest. So, I went back this morning to the cemetery and found the little guy back on the ground under the tree!! He did not look as good to me, although I could not see anything broken, it looked like he needed some fluids and perhaps a juicy mouse or two!  So, I decided to bring him in. He is rescue 2014-1890. They found Canker… which may explain some of what is going on.  If so, we may see his nest-mate soon too… Anyway, he is in a brooder.  I marked his paperwork to please let me release him with the Tempe Fire guys when that day comes…Not exactly the story I was hoping for, but I feel that he has a fighting chance now.  He is cute as could be!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Joe and the kids in Bagdad

Joe and the kids in Bagdad (photo by Laura Phelps)

Aurora wows the kids

Aurora wows the kids (photo by Laura Phelps)

Jan is also a big hit!

Jan is also a big hit! (photo by Laura Phelps)

Getting kids out into nature is one of our goals!

Getting kids out into nature is one of our goals! (photo by Laura Phelps)

Even though it’s getting warm and near the end of the Education Season, Joe and Jan took some of our ambassadors up to Bagdad recently to do a program for Freeport McMoRan. One of our goals in doing educational outreach is to get kids outside and into nature. This show accomplished just that in a big way! The kids really enjoyed seeing the hawks, owls, falcons and bald eagle that made the trip. Learning about nature in nature makes a lasting impression, especially on the kids.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Memorial Day 2014

Posted in Uncategorized | 5 Comments

This Week at Liberty – May 19, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

With summer almost upon us and vacations looming for many, I would like to take a minute to encourage everyone to find some time to get outside with your children or young friends…maybe even leaving your “screens” behind…heaven forbid!  And, if that is too big of a step, download some aps that might help you interpret the out of doors on your adventures.  You can learn about the stars, plants, insects, birds, and other wildlife that you encounter.  You can encourage your kids to start life-lists that will continue into the non-vacation time.  Create a passion that will have your young ones seeking out other references to feed a burgeoning interest. Perfect!last-child-cover-lrg

This notion is not a new idea.  The Nature and Children movement has been encouraging more time in nature since Richard Louv wrote The Last Child in the Woods (a book everyone should read, in my opinion).  The National Wildlife Fund in 2012 presented a goal of inspiring 10 million kids to go out of doors for at least 90 minutes a week.  That seems doable.  This movement is a partnership with parents, caregivers, policy makers and child-serving institutions including organizations such as National Recreation and Park Association.

The Children and Nature Network (www.childrenandnaturenetwork.org) has a pretty nifty web site and newsletter that can help the novice nature enthusiast get involved or get ideas of ways to start movements in your neighborhood, school, scout group, or any other group that would like to encourage more out of doors play.  It might be easier to take the big plunge into the world of nature if you have some buddies to accompany you.

And, remember if you haven’t already planned your vacation, think about taking the kids into nature.  There are a plethora of web sites you can check out for ideas like “Family Vacations That Will Get Your Kids into Nature” or if professionally planned vacations aren’t in the cards for you and your family maybe a city or state park near your home will provide the opportunities just right for your young group….and if all else fails, you can pitch a tent in the back yard and soak in nature close to home.  It will always be easy to go back to, and discovering nature in your own back yard is a start to embracing you inner nature child.

As the National Recreation and Park Association says: “…help us let kids know why it is called the great outdoors.”  Let’s build an arsenal of nature lovers with the passion to make things better not only for the natural world but for all of us who are part of it.

This Week at Liberty

The intake total for the year is now at 1892.

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

At times, things happen in fits and starts at Liberty, and this was one of those weeks. There were a few periods of hyperactivity, punctuated by a moment or two of breath-catching, but as the temperatures rise, things begin to happen more rapidly. More orphans showed up, some of the recent patients improved while others are still getting lots of well-coordinated treatment. On the good news side, Donna J had surgery on her shoulder and came through with flying colors. It’s amazing what enough pins, screws, and hardware will do! One eagle got released, only to come back again for a brief visit, and then got released again. Sadly, but not totally unexpectedly, at the outset of the week as we lost one of our oldest and most beloved education birds. Let’s walk through the week…

A few more baby quail

A few more baby quail

Between the ducklings, the killdeers, the hummers and the quail, the orphan families take up a lot of time – and space – in the Orphan Care area. Continually monitored as to temperature and feeding schedule, the large groups of tiny birds are cared for by the dedicated OC volunteers.

Actually, baby barn owls are cute

Actually, baby barn owls are cute…no, really!

But it's an easier sell with screech owls.

But it’s an easier sell with baby screech owls.

Baby owls are cute – some more than others – but still, even the barn owl orphans babies are able to melt the hearts of those that see them. The baby barnies are sometimes mistaken for baby turkey vultures, but the foster families recognize them and take them in at once, brooding and feeding them as they grow into stellar mouse catchers!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The baby bald eagle recovers well after surgery

The baby bald eagle recovers well after surgery

The baby bald eagle is doing well after his surgery. The pin is holding the bones in position as they heal and the bird is getting a daily dose of what it takes to be a bald eagle sitting in a cage inside Lady Libby’s enclosure. The bird is growing so fast that soon it will outgrow the cage and be transferred to another space back in “Eagle Town” on the east side of the facility.

Red tail hawk baby Emmett grows very rapidly

Red tail hawk baby “Emmett” is growing very rapidly

Playing peek-a-boo in the office

Playing peek-a-boo in the office

Speaking of raptor orphans growing fast, the baby red tail is also growing explosively. After only a couple of days with the individual that found it on the ground, it was apparent that this little bird was imprinted on arrival. It’s amazing how fast this process takes place once the bird’s eyes are open and humans bring it food. The first thing it did when it got to our facility was look at the volunteers and begin to beg food before it was even assessed. The feeders and handlers all wore camouflage but the die had been cast.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Baby bunny hiding in plain sight

Baby bunny hiding in plain sight

Last week, when volunteer extraordinaire Tim Coppage arrived for his Med Services shift, he noticed this little bunny who had extricated himself from his enclosure during the night. Luckily the little lagomorph found a safe warm spot in one of the glove tubs where he remained until Tim found him and he was returned to the bunny habitat.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Entire kestrel family felled by tree trimmers

Five fledglings from one kestrel family felled by tree trimmers

OK, another tree-trimmer story. This time an entire family of nearly fledged kestrels – two females and three males –  were removed from their nest as tree trimmers hacked away at the branches. Fortunately the workers saw what they had done and picked the small birds up and placed them in a plastic tub.  After the ride to Liberty, the family was evaluated and placed with two of our foster parents for the completion of the process through which they become fledged falcons, ready and able to hunt the skies of Arizona.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

How many volunteers does it take to work on a raven?

How many volunteers does it take to work on a raven?

Ravens, being extremely intelligent, are a handful when it comes to treatment. This bird exhibited some of this behavior last week as it seemed to take four volunteers to manage his exam. Sharon and Joanie held the bird as Jan and Dr. Wyman performed the necessary  treatment. This bird was reportedly attacked by adult ravens before it was old enough to defend itself, which is not all that uncommon.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Joanie holds for Dr. Wyman

Joanie holds for Dr. Wyman

No appreciation

No appreciation

Jan checks Tim's rescued red tail hawk

Jan checks Tim’s rescued red tail hawk

Joanie helps Jan with a GBH

Joanie helps Jan with a GBH

A variety of birds with a variety of injuries were also treated last week. Several red-tailed hawks of varying ages presented different injuries, along with this great blue heron with a serious wound near one of his wings. It’s always distressing to see birds in full breeding plumage arrive with life threatening injuries as you really want them to be contributing to the gene pool rather than fighting for their lives from some contact with the human community…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A sad note on a food chart...

A sad note on a food chart…

In early July, 2001, I answered a rescue call from near Scottsdale Community College. Someone had found a baby bird on the ground and not knowing that burrowing owls live on or under the ground, took the little bird home and proceeded to hand feed it for a couple of weeks. When they figured the bird was big enough, they called Liberty to “check him out” prior to release. When I got to Liberty and opened the box, it was painfully obvious that his little owl was hopelessly imprinted – and a star was born! Frodo quickly became a favorite at education shows for the next dozen years or so until she began to show her age. She was retired from doing programs a while back, living in an enclosure in the ICU during the day and in a warm brooder at night. Last week, she peacefully left us in her sleep from complications of old age, leaving an aching hole in Liberty’s collective heart.

Normally I use a score that is somewhat subdued for my tribute videos, but Frodo was such a happy little bird and brought smiles to children for years, I picked a more upbeat tune as a soundtrack. Thank you, Frodo, for sharing your life with all of us…we will always remember you!

Click here for “Remembering Frodo” video.

Posted in Uncategorized | 8 Comments

This Week at Liberty – May 12, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

I know that I have harped on this before and those of you who read and heed the blog can close your eyes, but better yet you can shout the message out to everyone you know including home owners associations, corporations and businesses, shopping centers and anyone else with trees that they care for.  Here’s the mantra:  “Don’t trim your trees in the spring and summer!”  Plain and simple….no ifs, ands, or buts….just don’t do it.

As if the winds (which we have no control over) weren’t enough, we have recently had many babies trimmed carelessly out of their trees.  Mom and Dad have gone out to gather food or have been driven from the nest by the roar of a saw only to watch or find their homes and babies plummeting to the ground.  And, to add insult to injury no effort is made to correct the “mistake”!  What is the matter with people?  Can you really just walk away and leave a helpless baby to die from heat, starvation or a broken back?  Grrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr.

And, if kindness and compassion isn’t enough, let’s talk about the law.  It is illegal to disturb the nests of native migratory birds….plain and simple….do not disturb them.  If the tree is threatening to fall on your car, your neighbor’s house or your own, you can probably get a permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service…but don’t forget that little detail.  Here’s an excerpt from the Migratory Bird Act….just in case you need some ammo.

703. Taking, killing, or possessing migratory birds unlawful.

“…it shall be unlawful at any time, by any means or in any

manner, to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill, attempt to take,

capture, or kill, possess, offer for sale, sell, offer to barter, offer

to purchase, deliver for shipment, ship, export, import, cause to

be shipped, exported, or imported, deliver for transportation,

transport or cause to be transported, carry or cause to be

carried, or receive for shipment, transportation, carriage, or

export, any migratory bird, any part, nest, or eggs of any such

bird, or any product, whether or not manufactured, which

consists, or is composed in whole or part, of any such bird or

any part, nest, or egg thereof…”

Plan your trimming for the fall.  For further motivation remember that lusher trees provide shade in the heat of the summer.  Fall trimming is healthier for the tree.  A healthy bird population negates the need for harsh pesticides as they thrive on the insect population and that only increases when they are feeding babies…pest control the natural way.

Spread the word.  For a healthy environment birds’ help is needed.

For a healthy bird population your help is needed!

This Week at Liberty

The intake total is now at 1634.

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

Hopefully, all of the mothers on our list had a great Mother’s Day, and since we’re in the midst of Baby Bird Season and the foster program is going strong, this posting will rely heavily on the “motherhood” aspect of this time of year.  The treatment of the baby eagle takes a major turn, and a couple of “interesting” patients arrive. There were some great educational programs produced around the state which I’ll cover in more detail next week. (This is one of the few times during the year that I wound up with more photos than I could use in  one post!)

Orphan Care volunteer enjoys her work

Orphan Care volunteer Mandy enjoys her work

Joanie marks some eggs

Joanie marks some eggs

The intake of baby birds remains strong.  Fortunately, we have a great team of dedicated Orphan Care volunteers who spend their shifts feeding and caring for the ever growing number of tiny mouths (er…beaks?) that now line the walls of the OC area. Every once in a while, someone will bring in some eggs that they found and these are marked for identification before they are placed in an incubator. It’s never too early for Liberty Wildlife care!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Joanie encourages another baby GHO

Joanie encourages another baby GHO

Teddy bear tufts

Teddy bear tufts

Dr.Wyman gives a final check

Dr.Wyman gives a final check

Am I almost done?

“Am I almost done?”

As usual, April saw a huge intake of orphan baby great horned owls. Lots come from windstorms, but far too many are the victims of inappropriate (or at best, untimely) tree trimming. I could probably fill each week’s update for the next few months with nothing but baby GHO pictures, but I won’t – probably. Each orphan is assessed, checked for any injuries, given fluids, weighed, and finally placed with one of our foster parent pairs. Each baby is cuter than the last…

Igor is a proud foster daddy

Igor is a proud foster daddy

 

The "Tombstone" family grows

The “Tombstone” family grows

We are again lucky to have two pairs of faster parent GHOs that are eager to perform the duties required of them. Igor and Elvira are in the frontmost enclosure, with Wyatt and Earp (the Tombstone clan) occupying the enclosure in the back.  Both groups are growing and their efforts are supplemented by Hedwig and Maggie who each are brooding their own small clutches.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Sharon feeds the baby RTH

Sharon feeds the baby RTH

The little Raccoons now have their masks and striped tails!

The little Raccoons now have their masks and striped tails!

Babies continue to grow.  Our own version of “‘Coon and Friends” (for you South Park fans…)is going strong as the babies are now sporting their  grown-up colors – secret identity masks and stripy tails. The baby red tail is browning like a weed and will soon be ready for the next step in his adventure. And as we go to press with this update, it seems the little bald eagle that was with us and got released is back.  It seems he has more issues than just being skinny. More on this story as it develops…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Our state bird...

Our state bird…

Now for some rehydration

Now for some rehydration

Yet another cats wren is now in our care, having been the victim of a really big glue trap. This one was even bated with peanut butter!  Luckily, the little bird (our state bird, no less) was found before he sustained more injury in his efforts to escape the sticky snare. I’m gonna say this one more time – DO NOT USE GLUE TRAPS!!!! They are not species specific in their targeting and usually wind up catching and cruelly killing many more unintended victims than the critters they were meant for.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Baby eagle presents a fractured humerus

Baby eagle presents a fractured humerus

Pin from Dr.Driggers

Pin from Dr.Driggers

The baby bald eagle that we were working with was not doing well so he was taken to Dr. Driggers for surgery on his broken wing last week. Dr. D had to remove about an inch of bone and then installed a pin to maintain alignment in the bird’s humerus. Upon his return to Liberty, the little guy(?) began eating and for the first time, kept his food down! Now he is perking up remarkably and is sitting in Libby’s enclosure to expose her to an adult bald eagle. If he can compensate for the shorter wing, release is still on the table!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Steel tube sparrow

Steel tube sparrow

A little push and ...PRESTO!

A little push and …PRESTO!

Just after the cactus wren (above) came in, a gentleman who had a piece of thick walled steel tubing in the back of his pickup truck found this little sparrow wedged into it. Not knowing what to do, he thoughtfully brought the tube-0-bird to Liberty’s intake window and with a little push, out he popped!  Reminded me of those old push-up type popsicles when I was a kid. Now when was that…?

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Donna J and Reo

Donna J and Reo

Again, as we went to press, I learned that Donna Jabara, one of our very best veteran Education volunteers, was injured in the line of Liberty duty last week.  She fell while preparing for a program and seriously injured her shoulder.  She’s due for surgery this week and from what we’ve heard, if the pins and screws don’t work, she’ll be getting a bionic replacement! Sounds like a couple of golden eagles we’ve had in. (I wonder if I can get the X-rays for the blog…?!)

RECOVER QUICKLY AND HURRY BACK DONNA!  You will be sorely missed!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | 9 Comments

This Week at Liberty – May 5, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

I just read about a very cool project initiated by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.  It is all about citizen scientists (you) helping gather information, improving habitat (you), attracting more wildlife (you), and working to solve the sad fact that “we are losing 21 million acres of habitat every 10 years to residential development.”

Yep, that’s right.  You can be a huge part of the solution.  Here’s how.  The new program is called Yard Map.  It is designed to create bigger patches of connected habitat that is “bird friendly”.  Remember here that everything is really all connected.  If you have habitat that provides food in the way of insects, seeds, water, hidey places, roosting and nesting spots you will attract the birds and in reality the other critters necessary to have a “whole and complete” habitat….balanced, healthy and diverse.

The program has been thoroughly tested out and is now ready for expanded exposure and utilization.  The web site is robust and very helpful.  You can map out your own backyard…and if I can do it you can do it.  Or if you have a favorite birding spot, park site, school yard, you could with permission, I suppose, use it for a “yard map” possibility.

The object is to map your yard using the tools on the web site, get help from other participants regarding what is on your property that you can’t identify yourself, add native plants that will attract wild birds to your yard, and report on the activities.

It is quickly apparent that what you do does make a difference.  Many species, like butterflies, could and probably do live their entire existence in your habitat.  If you choose to use pesticides it could be devastating for a very long time to many species and since it is all connected it will power up the food chain and throw your habitat into disarray.

Go for the balance. “Attract more birds.  Help science. Map your yard.”  Go to the Cornell Lab or Ornithology/yard maps and get started today.  Be a part of the bigger solution.

This Week at Liberty

The intake total for the year now stands at 1379.

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

Feliz Cinco de Mayo!  While you’re out having tacos, fajitas, and margaritas, remember all those baby birds that have been rescued (and NEED to be rescued) from the relentless wind of the last few weeks. The stream of orphans has become a torrent of late and this week’s update will mostly cover these little animals that are victims of nature’s fury (not to mention tree-trimmers who have little regard for nesting birds).  The worst aspect of the spring weather for most people is the need to clean their pool skimmers on a daily basis – bothersome, but hardly critical.  For a baby bird, being blown from the safety of their nest is a life threatening event. The truly lucky ones are found and arrive at Liberty Wildlife where they are cared for until old enough to survive on their own. From hummingbirds to bald eagles, the babies are rescued…

Rescued baby black-crowned night heron

Rescued baby black-crowned night heron

Among many orphan waterfowl rescued and cared for by the volunteers of Liberty Wildlife is this baby black-crowned night heron. Just beginning to grow feathers, this little guy is getting care from the Medical Services and Orphan Care groups. Growing fast, this bird will hopefully be released soon and will join the fishing community at lakes around the town.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Little Chief's sibling is doing well

Little Chief’s sibling is doing well

The bald eagle fledging that turned out to be a sibling of our own little Chief is doing well. According to Jan, he came in “dehydrated and very thin. He arrived weighing 4.3lbs and left at 7lbs! His nest-mate, a female, weighed 9lbs. He was taken back to his nest area last Thursday afternoon where he belongs, learning the ropes of being an apex predator in the Arizona skies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Rescued orphan red tail

Rescued orphan red tail

Another “orphan of the storm” is this tiny baby red-tail hawk that was a victim of the violent winds in the last couple of weeks. He was found on  the ground by an individual who was feeding him meat by hand. At this point we have hopes that he wasn’t permanently imprinted by this activity, but only time will tell. This is why it’s so important for people to call Liberty Wildlife when they find an orphan raptor rather than attempt to rehabilitate it themselves. Without proper training, this almost always ends up being unsuccessful.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Carl rescues another orphan kestrel

Carl rescues a female orphan kestrel

Two more orphan kestrels receive care

Two more male orphan kestrels receive care

The intake of orphan kestrels is rising, as usual for this time of year. These little falcons are fairly common and may be victims of both the weather and inexperienced mothers who may have nested in inappropriate places. By the end of the season, our foster parent kestrels will be caring for dozens of growing fledglings, all looking forward to being released to be hunters in the local area!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Rescued baby bald eagle gets fluids from Jan and Alex

Rescued baby bald eagle gets fluids from Jan and Alex

A lot of damage from the fall...

A lot of damage from the fall…

The baby bald eagle that came in 9 days ago is still in critical condition.  He was X-rayed last week ands this confirmed a broken wing, but also indicated some internal injuries which cold be life-threatening.  He has a lot of trouble keeping food down and this doesn’t help the healing process. He is now scheduled for surgery on his wing tomorrow (Tuesday) as this might be the only chance we have of repairing the damaged wing. Keep the fingers crossed and a good thought in your hearts for this little guy.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Tub o'ducklings

Tub o’ducklings

I get a lot of phone calls this time of year that begin, “I have a bunch of ducklings in my pool!” With a growing mallard population, the competition for appropriate nest sites near natural lakes and other water is stiff. Sometimes a pool with nice foliage looks inviting, especially to an inexperienced mother. When this happens, about a month or so later, out pops the mother, trailed by a dozen or so ducklings! Luckily, a few rescue volunteers (Carl, Tony, and myself included) can remove the ducklings from danger, but if the mother eludes capture, the baby ducks wind up in the care of the rehabilitation community. That’s where Liberty Wildlife comes in…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Little guy with a broken leg

Round tailed ground squirrel with a broken leg

It’s bad enough when your one of the smallest mammals around, being an orphan in the wild in Arizona, but when you have a broken leg on top of it all, you really need some help! This little orphaned round tailed ground squirrel came in last week and presented  a broken leg which required a wrap in order to heal. So, in addition to being bottle (syringe) fed, he needs his wrap changed frequently. Click here to see one of the baby cottontails get some fluids… A baby bunny gets hydrating fluids.  Total care is what all creatures get at Liberty Wildlife!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Name that rodent!

Name that rodent!

For quite some time now, a burrowing rodent has been leaving small dirt mounds around the facility. We haven’t spent a lot of time trying to get him to move out since we figured eventually he would tunnel up on the wrong side of an enclosure wall and the resident raptor would eliminate the problem naturally. Last week, I was talking to some volunteers near Hedwig’s enclosure and noticed this little guy watching from below. Just 12 inches from oblivion, the gutsy little guy showed not the least bit of concern or fear!  We’re not sure exactly what he is, so if any readers are good on identifying types of gophers or other burrowing rodents, let us know!

Posted in Uncategorized | 8 Comments

This Week at Liberty – April 28, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan and Libby

I am sure that I have mentioned before my disdain for the wind…my most un-favorite weather condition.  First, it is just annoying.  It blows dust and other particles into my eyes.  It sends detritus throughout my yard and patios as consistently as it rains when I wash my car.  Just finish cleaning the patios and the winds begin their secret pacts to annoy me at all costs.  Ok, I really know that this is shallow and pretentious of me to think the weather Gods have any interest in me and what I do, but I am just saying….

There are other malevolent things that happen when we have angry winds like we did this weekend.  Huge otherwise healthy looking tree branches were snapped at the base and sent hurtling to the ground taking with them anything in the way and surely sending nests of baby birds to their peril.  In fact we catapulted our count over 200 animals and many of them came with the winds.  That is no coincidence.

They came in the form of hummingbird nests, cactus wrens, verdins, and other small song birds…many at the mercy of some kind soul who found them, called around for help, and brought them in with such relief, not wanting the responsibility of feeding every 20 minutes or so.

They also came in the form of baby owls, baby hawks, falcons and two baby bald eagles.  The eagles came from different nests but both hurled from their nests by strong winds charging across vulnerable homes.  The older of the two eagles will be fattened up and sent home to its sibling and parents, hopefully by the end of the week.  The second, much younger 4 week old wasn’t quite so lucky.  It had a long fall which broke two bones in one wing and could possibly have left internal injuries…and will unfortunately take more time to heal if it is even possible…the jury is still out until closer examinations and test results provide the depth of the impact of the nasty winds on a small downy body.

And if that weren’t enough, Leah, a long time nest watcher we have featured in the past, was almost blown from her nest watching vantage point on a peak opposite her assigned nest.  So, from hummingbirds to eagles to humans, the wind can appear to have a vengeance.  Yes, these are much more serious than my shallow worry of the mess on my patio…but I am just saying, the wind isn’t my favorite weather condition!

This Week at Liberty

The intake total now stands at 1143.

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The babies are taking over, as is to be expected this time of year (and as Megan pointed out above, springtime winds are almost never a help!)  Almost every day some new orphan owls and hawks show up, along with the doves, thrashers, mockingbirds, bunnies and ground squirrels that arrive at the intake window. As the education season draws to an end, preparations are already in the works for next season only a few short months away. Treatment of the golden eagle in the ICU continues as we hope the medicine works. Speaking of eagles, we took in two new bald eagles yesterday – one was a sibling of our own little Chief! It is hoped these birds will quickly improve enough to be released someday soon. And as we and our fosters care for the helpless orphans, our mommy raccoon cares for her own babies as they grow. Let’s take a look…

Feeding thrasher baby

Feeding thrasher baby

Holding on

Holding on

Feeding babies seems to occupy most of the volunteers right now. From the birds like the thrasher above, to all of the squirrels (round-tail ground, rock, antelope, etc.) these helpless little animals depend on the care of the volunteers at the facility to be feed, kept warm,  and given any medical treatment they might require as long as they are with us.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A baby screech owl is in the running for the cutest baby of the week...

A baby screech owl is in the running for the cutest baby of the week…

No real damage but too little to be alone

No real damage but too little to be alone

Everybody gets fluids...

Everybody gets fluids…

"I'll remember that needle...!"

“I’ll remember that needle…!”

This terribly cute baby screech owl came to us last week. He doesn’t present any overt trauma, but is much too young to be on his own.  After being examined and cleared to go outside, he was given fluids (MAN that’s a big needle!), a band, and was allowed to go outside with two adult foster parents in the screech owl enclosure. At last check, he was doing fine…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Love the tiny ear tuft "horns"

Love the tiny ear tuft “horns”

Not all orphans are tiny.  This little GHO (one of many) came in and displayed his burgeoning ear tufts – or “horns” as he was evaluated and banded prior to being placed with Igor, his highly experienced foster dad.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Fluids for the golden (photo by John Glitsos)

Fluids for the golden (photo by John Glitsos)

We have been treating this golden eagle for a couple of weeks. He came in from up north and appeared very “down” with unknown causes.  After blood tests revealed, among other problems, a very rare blood parasite brought on by exposure to black flies, treatment began. A special medicine had to be procured and a proper dosage fixed. So far his response has been less than stellar, but we have hopes he will eventually improve.  Keep a good thought…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Washing her food

Washing her food (photo by Nina Grimaldi)

A crawfish meal for momma

A crawfish meal for momma (photo by Nina Grimaldi)

Sleeping together after eating

The raccoon kids sleeping together after eating

Our momma raccoon is doing well, as are her babies. They are still too small to be moved so she is given extra food including some crawfish that was recently donated to Liberty by Laura Bonardi and her husband. She is meticulous in washing all the food she gets before eating it herself, and we are making sure she has enough of the proper diet to allow her to produce sufficient milk for her family of four.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Jan gets a turn with Aurora

Jan gets a turn with Aurora

Since we are doing lots of eagle programs right now, a couple more people are being added to Aurora’s approved handlers. This included Jan Miller who got a chance to work with our star bald eagle last week. Being the Animal Care Coordinator, Jan doesn’t often get to do the “fun stuff” like eagle presentations, so it was great to see her get to handle the big girl.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Two Canada goslings

Two Canada goslings

Just a fun shot of two canada goose babies in the outside aviary. Goslings grow pretty fast so we hope it won’t be too long before they are at a local lake and getting acquainted with adults of their species.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Sleepy kitties make a brief stay

Sleepy kitties make a brief stay

A call to the hotline last Friday alerted us about a bobcat in somebody’s backyard in the area. Since Liberty doesn’t remove healthy animals, we referred the call to a couple of other agencies. Two gentlemen from a local rattlesnake removal service arrived at which point the mother kitty took off into the desert. They collected these two kittens and brought them to Liberty. We then called Southwest Wildlife who came and picked them up. The plan was to try and trap the mom so the family could remain intact as the kittens grow up. Natural moms make the best parents!

Posted in Uncategorized | 4 Comments

This Week at Liberty – April 21, 2014

Hoots, Howls, and HollersMegan

Wishes for Wildlife number 21 is now in the history books…as a great event and success.  A huge thank you goes out to all of you who helped, attended, and supported Liberty Wildlife’s mission.  The Liberty Wildlife Guardians and Event Chair, Cay Cowie, outdid themselves this year by gathering a plethora of desirable offerings for the Silent Auction and the Super Silent Auction….notice, NO LIVE AUCTION!  There were things for the garden including trees, granite, boulders, and yard art.  There were services for ladies and gents, antiques and collectibles, art and photography, sports including tickets to sporting events and packets of golf galore, but the big seller as always was the trips and travel section. The bidding was fast and furious on the electronic tablets and the system allowed for bidding from the comfort (but not as much fun) of your own couch.

Further, a display of Liberty Wildlife’s new facility introduced the renderings, hot off the press and architect Phil Weddle was present to answer questions and to wax poetic about his design.

But wait there’s more.  The dining area was decorated with home grown succulents-raised locally so that they can take the full sun and remain bountiful and beautiful…and you guessed it they were for sale also.  In case you are interested I still have a few left that could adorn your home for a mere $50.  The entire event was nature oriented and mission driven.  As guests were seated they enjoyed video from the auction…ala…see your face here, so to speak.  And then the activities began.  A stunning video compiled by Terry Stevens and set to dynamic music immediately caught the attention of the audience…but for the music…you could have heard a pin drop until the applause broke out at the end…”but when wildlife gets in trouble, Liberty Wildlife is there to help”!

Dinner was served and Chef Michael Cairns outdid himself again this year.  Just leave it said…no one complained…everyone raved whether or not you chose the vegan entree, the all fish entree, or the surf and turf.  Then there was the desert, wheeled in on carts in the four corners of the room, flames burst forth and the cherries jubilee were served.  Where else could you serve 350 people flambeed ice cream that is still ice cream….but there at the hands of pros.  It was truly spectacular.  During dinner guests could view “This Year At Liberty” shown in silence on the big screens…a view into the incredible work done 365 days a year for Arizona’s wildlife…and ultimately for each of you.

After dinner the raffle tickets were drawn and three lucky people walked away with air line tickets on U.S. Airways, a trip to Cabo San Lucas, or a fabulous piece of jewelry from Molina’s Fine Jewelry. Wow!

Corporate Chairs Victoria and Rod Granberry were introduced and proceeded to introduce Liberty Wildlife’s Legacy Award.  This year’s award went to Dr. Kathy Orr, founder of Liberty Wildlife and long time devotee to the care of Arizona’s wildlife among her many other contributions to nature and animals.  A short video made the audience aware of her devotion to her passion…it was moving, and I didn’t see too many dry eyes in the audience including mine.  A totally well deserved award…!

The wild part of our program was yet to come.  Michael Barnard of the Phoenix Theatre announced the beginning of “Wild Things” our new game show…mission driven and designed to educate the audience about wildlife and Liberty Wildlife.  The room, divided off into teams, Owls, Eagles, Falcons, and Condors, would act as a life line to a contestant from each team.  Questions were asked each contestant and our own Vanna (Stephanie Mullins) kept a “Price Waterhouse” score of the proceedings and the game was narrowed to two.  These two contestants entered a lightning round and the game proceeded.  The final winner won the opportunity to release a rehabilitated animal with the entire team.  Each team supported with deafening applause, answers shouted out, and physical attempts at depicting the correct letters.

It was just fun. Every one learned something about wildlife and about Liberty Wildlife and everyone seemed to stay involved.

Finally the audience was invited out to the back garden in view of the entire resort picking up a glass of champagne on the way out to toast to the release of a rehabilitated great horned owl by Honorary Corporate Chair, Rod Granberry.  It was spectacular as always…what a great end to a very fun and engaging evening.

Again, my thanks to all of you who made this possible.  Thanks for your contribution to our mission to “nurture the nature of Arizona”.

This Week at Liberty

Posted by Terry Stevens

Posted by Terry Stevens

The intake number is now at 936. (And if you don’t remember the last update three weeks ago today at which point it was 436, you do the math…!)

We’re BAAAAACK! After the two week hiatus to complete work on this year’s Wishes for Wildlife, we’re back on schedule with the activity level reaching new highs (note the intake number jump in just a couple of weeks!) Wishes for Wildlife was a major hit, the best fundraiser in memory! We take in a golden eagle from up north, dozens more little mammals show up, along with an increasing number of orphaned owls, hawks , and falcons, and life begins to return to a normal(?) pace – at least for this time of year. The Education season reaches a crescendo as the heat of the summer draws near, and the wonderful, dedicated volunteers keep doing their extraordinary work keeping the animals cared for, fed, and safe while the ambient temperature rises by the day. Thanks for sticking with us and welcome back!

Busy volunteers in OC

Busy Saturday morning OC volunteers Sue, Alana, Elizabeth, and Kathy tending to the babies.

The Orphan Care area is now at full throttle, with feeding and cleaning babies beginning at sunrise and continuing throughout the daylight hours. If anybody ever doubts our need for more space, all they need do is take a look in the “Neonatal Care” wing to get an appreciation for the crowded conditions under which our valiant volunteers work to provide life sustaining care to these tiniest and most helpless of Arizona’s residents. Thanks to you all for your efforts!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

The newly reorganized "Small Bird Isolation Area"

The newly reorganized “Small Bird Isolation Area”

As the number of patients increases, the need for organization goes up proportionally. Recently our volunteers took it upon themselves to rearrange and stratify the area between the Med Services area and the large bird ICU to make it better organized and productive. Darkened camo curtains were made, each with pockets to hold medical and feeding records. These separate tiers of bins , each on heating pads, to hold smaller birds and animals as they are treated by the OC and Med Services teams. As true now as it was in 400BC,  ”Mater artium necessitas” – Necessity is the mother of invention. (Plato)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

Yes, that IS a Q-tip!

Yes, that IS a Q-tip!

Still the baby humming birds come in. A couple weeks ago, these two tiny newly hatched hummers showed up – in their nest. Feeding anything this small is a challenge, but they are doing well and growing rapidly in the hummingbird enclosure in Orphan Care.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Stacey feeds a tiny rock squirrel baby

Stacey feeds a tiny rock squirrel baby

"I can hold onto this!"

“I can hold onto this!”

Ground squirrel in a tub

Ground squirrel in a tub

We’re still seeing a number of round-tailed ground squirrels showing up, along with antelope squirrels and a couple of rock squirrel babies thrown in for good measure. On a “cuteness scale” of 1 to 10, these little guys score around 12 and sometimes amaze folks who tour the facility that we actually rehab ALL ends of the food chain without discrimination. Nothing is turned away from Liberty Wildlife, no matter how small or seemingly insignificant. Everything has a place in the environment…

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Heddy and one of her fosters

Heddy and one of her fosters

As the number of orphans grows, our team of foster parents are all stepping up to perform their seasonal duties.  This not only relieves our overworked staff from donning disruptive camouflage clothing and using hand puppets to feed orphaned owls and hawks, it gives the little birds a chance to learn their position in life by observing first hand the behavior of an adult of their own species. Begun over a decade ago, the foster parent program is a big part of “baby bird season” as the youngsters are best cared for by their species and will imprint properly, allowing for eventual release.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A good mom...

A good mom…

Recently, Joe and Jan rescued a small female raccoon who was in some distress along a local highway. She came to the facility and presented no serious injury – except she was pregnant! At first, we were not sure exactly HOW pregnant she was – until one day last week when it was found she had given birth to four little baby raccoons overnight! She and her little ones will remain with us until the babies are old enough to travel.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

New volunteers meet Aurora

New volunteers meet Aurora

Last Saturday a group of potential new volunteers gathered under the front overhang and were given an orientation by Carol. Following the filling out of forms and the basic introduction to Liberty Wildlife, the new prospects were given a brief tour of the facility. Now they get to decide if they wish to continue on as volunteers and in what area they want to work. During the process, various volunteers from Med Services, Education, and Rescue and Transport (along with your truly) gave short intros to the various opportunities available to the prospective newbies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Checking in

Checking in   (photo courtesy of SRP) 

Bidding fun

Bidding fun  (photo courtesy of SRP

The best food ever!

The best food ever!  (photo courtesy of SRP)

Dr.Orr is recognized

Dr.Orr is recognized  (photo courtesy of SRP)

CA is a winner

The game show is a big hit!   (photo courtesy of SRP) 

"Pick A!!!"

“Pick A!!!” Coaching from the Peanut Gallery  (photo courtesy of SRP)

Ready for release...

Ready for release…  (photo courtesy of SRP)

Wishes for Wildlife 2014 put the “Fun” back in “Fundraising!” What has generally been recognized as the best event in memory took place on the 12th and although the final tallies are not yet in, in terms of enjoyment, we knocked this one out of the park!  Check out Megan’s HHH above for a more in depth recap. We’ll have more photos up on the W4W website soon.  Thanks to all who helped make the event truly memorable!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | 4 Comments